# Source code for ufl.algorithms.compute_form_data

```
"""This module provides the compute_form_data function.
Form compilers will typically call compute_form_dataprior to code
generation to preprocess/simplify a raw input form given by a user.
"""
# Copyright (C) 2008-2016 Martin Sandve Alnæs
#
# This file is part of UFL (https://www.fenicsproject.org)
#
# SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-3.0-or-later
from itertools import chain
from ufl.algorithms.analysis import extract_coefficients, extract_sub_elements, unique_tuple
from ufl.algorithms.apply_algebra_lowering import apply_algebra_lowering
from ufl.algorithms.apply_derivatives import apply_coordinate_derivatives, apply_derivatives
# These are the main symbolic processing steps:
from ufl.algorithms.apply_function_pullbacks import apply_function_pullbacks
from ufl.algorithms.apply_geometry_lowering import apply_geometry_lowering
from ufl.algorithms.apply_integral_scaling import apply_integral_scaling
from ufl.algorithms.apply_restrictions import apply_default_restrictions, apply_restrictions
from ufl.algorithms.check_arities import check_form_arity
from ufl.algorithms.comparison_checker import do_comparison_check
# See TODOs at the call sites of these below:
from ufl.algorithms.domain_analysis import (
build_integral_data,
group_form_integrals,
reconstruct_form_from_integral_data,
)
from ufl.algorithms.estimate_degrees import estimate_total_polynomial_degree
from ufl.algorithms.formdata import FormData
from ufl.algorithms.formtransformations import compute_form_arities
from ufl.algorithms.remove_complex_nodes import remove_complex_nodes
from ufl.classes import Coefficient, Form, FunctionSpace, GeometricFacetQuantity
from ufl.corealg.traversal import traverse_unique_terminals
from ufl.domain import extract_unique_domain
from ufl.utils.sequences import max_degree
def _auto_select_degree(elements):
"""Automatically select degree for all elements of the form.
This is be used in cases where the degree has not been specified by the user.
This feature is used by DOLFIN to allow the specification of Expressions with
undefined degrees.
"""
# Use max degree of all elements, at least 1 (to work with
# Lagrange elements)
return max_degree({e.embedded_superdegree for e in elements} - {None} | {1})
def _compute_element_mapping(form):
"""Compute element mapping for element replacement."""
# The element mapping is a slightly messy concept with two use
# cases:
# - Expression with missing cell or element TODO: Implement proper
# Expression handling in UFL and get rid of this
# - Constant with missing cell TODO: Fix anything that needs to be
# worked around to drop this requirement
# Extract all elements and include subelements of mixed elements
elements = [obj.ufl_element() for obj in chain(form.arguments(), form.coefficients())]
elements = extract_sub_elements(elements)
# Try to find a common degree for elements
common_degree = _auto_select_degree(elements)
# Compute element map
element_mapping = {}
for element in elements:
# Flag for whether element needs to be reconstructed
reconstruct = False
# Set cell
cell = element.cell
if cell is None:
domains = form.ufl_domains()
if not all(domains[0].ufl_cell() == d.ufl_cell() for d in domains):
raise ValueError(
"Cannot replace unknown element cell without unique common cell in form."
)
cell = domains[0].ufl_cell()
reconstruct = True
# Set degree
degree = element.embedded_superdegree
if degree is None:
degree = common_degree
reconstruct = True
# Reconstruct element and add to map
if reconstruct:
element_mapping[element] = element.reconstruct(cell=cell, degree=degree)
else:
element_mapping[element] = element
return element_mapping
def _compute_max_subdomain_ids(integral_data):
"""Compute the maximum subdomain ids."""
max_subdomain_ids = {}
for itg_data in integral_data:
it = itg_data.integral_type
for integral in itg_data.integrals:
# Convert string for default integral to -1
sids = (-1 if isinstance(si, str) else si for si in integral.subdomain_id())
newmax = max(sids) + 1
prevmax = max_subdomain_ids.get(it, 0)
max_subdomain_ids[it] = max(prevmax, newmax)
return max_subdomain_ids
def _compute_form_data_elements(self, arguments, coefficients, domains):
"""Compute form data elements."""
self.argument_elements = tuple(f.ufl_element() for f in arguments)
self.coefficient_elements = tuple(f.ufl_element() for f in coefficients)
self.coordinate_elements = tuple(domain.ufl_coordinate_element() for domain in domains)
# TODO: Include coordinate elements from argument and coefficient
# domains as well? Can they differ?
# Note: Removed self.elements and self.sub_elements to make sure
# code that depends on the selection of argument +
# coefficient elements blow up, as opposed to silently
# almost working, with the introduction of the coordinate
# elements here.
all_elements = self.argument_elements + self.coefficient_elements + self.coordinate_elements
all_sub_elements = extract_sub_elements(all_elements)
self.unique_elements = unique_tuple(all_elements)
self.unique_sub_elements = unique_tuple(all_sub_elements)
def _check_elements(form_data):
"""Check elements."""
for element in chain(form_data.unique_elements, form_data.unique_sub_elements):
if element.cell is None:
raise ValueError(f"Found element with undefined cell: {element}")
def _check_facet_geometry(integral_data):
"""Check facet geometry."""
for itg_data in integral_data:
for itg in itg_data.integrals:
it = itg_data.integral_type
# Facet geometry is only valid in facet integrals.
# Allowing custom integrals to pass as well, although
# that's not really strict enough.
if not ("facet" in it or "custom" in it or "interface" in it):
# Not a facet integral
for expr in traverse_unique_terminals(itg.integrand()):
cls = expr._ufl_class_
if issubclass(cls, GeometricFacetQuantity):
raise ValueError(f"Integral of type {it} cannot contain a {cls.__name__}.")
def _check_form_arity(preprocessed_form):
"""Check that we don't have a mixed linear/bilinear form or anything like that."""
# FIXME: This is slooow and should be moved to form compiler
# and/or replaced with something faster
if 1 != len(compute_form_arities(preprocessed_form)):
raise ValueError("All terms in form must have same rank.")
def _build_coefficient_replace_map(coefficients, element_mapping=None):
"""Create new Coefficient objects with count starting at 0.
Returns:
mapping from old to new objects, and lists of the new objects
"""
if element_mapping is None:
element_mapping = {}
new_coefficients = []
replace_map = {}
for i, f in enumerate(coefficients):
old_e = f.ufl_element()
new_e = element_mapping.get(old_e, old_e)
# XXX: This is a hack to ensure that if the original
# coefficient had a domain, the new one does too.
# This should be overhauled with requirement that Expressions
# always have a domain.
domain = extract_unique_domain(f)
if domain is not None:
new_e = FunctionSpace(domain, new_e)
new_f = Coefficient(new_e, count=i)
new_coefficients.append(new_f)
replace_map[f] = new_f
return new_coefficients, replace_map
[docs]def attach_estimated_degrees(form):
"""Attach estimated polynomial degree to a form's integrals.
Args:
form: The Form` to inspect.
Returns:
A new Form with estimate degrees attached.
"""
integrals = form.integrals()
new_integrals = []
for integral in integrals:
md = {}
md.update(integral.metadata())
degree = estimate_total_polynomial_degree(integral.integrand())
md["estimated_polynomial_degree"] = degree
new_integrals.append(integral.reconstruct(metadata=md))
return Form(new_integrals)
[docs]def preprocess_form(form, complex_mode):
"""Preprocess a form."""
# Note: Default behaviour here will process form the way that is
# currently expected by vanilla FFC
# Check that the form does not try to compare complex quantities:
# if the quantites being compared are 'provably' real, wrap them
# with Real, otherwise throw an error.
if complex_mode:
form = do_comparison_check(form)
# Lower abstractions for tensor-algebra types into index notation,
# reducing the number of operators later algorithms and form
# compilers need to handle
form = apply_algebra_lowering(form)
# After lowering to index notation, remove any complex nodes that
# have been introduced but are not wanted when working in real mode,
# allowing for purely real forms to be written
if not complex_mode:
form = remove_complex_nodes(form)
# Apply differentiation before function pullbacks, because for
# example coefficient derivatives are more complicated to derive
# after coefficients are rewritten, and in particular for
# user-defined coefficient relations it just gets too messy
form = apply_derivatives(form)
return form
[docs]def compute_form_data(
form,
do_apply_function_pullbacks=False,
do_apply_integral_scaling=False,
do_apply_geometry_lowering=False,
preserve_geometry_types=(),
do_apply_default_restrictions=True,
do_apply_restrictions=True,
do_estimate_degrees=True,
do_append_everywhere_integrals=True,
complex_mode=False,
):
"""Compute form data.
The default arguments configured to behave the way old FFC expects.
"""
# TODO: Move this to the constructor instead
self = FormData()
# --- Store untouched form for reference.
# The user of FormData may get original arguments,
# original coefficients, and form signature from this object.
# But be aware that the set of original coefficients are not
# the same as the ones used in the final UFC form.
# See 'reduced_coefficients' below.
self.original_form = form
# --- Pass form integrands through some symbolic manipulation
form = preprocess_form(form, complex_mode)
# --- Group form integrals
# TODO: Refactor this, it's rather opaque what this does
# TODO: Is self.original_form.ufl_domains() right here?
# It will matter when we start including 'num_domains' in ufc form.
form = group_form_integrals(
form,
self.original_form.ufl_domains(),
do_append_everywhere_integrals=do_append_everywhere_integrals,
)
# Estimate polynomial degree of integrands now, before applying
# any pullbacks and geometric lowering. Otherwise quad degrees
# blow up horrifically.
if do_estimate_degrees:
form = attach_estimated_degrees(form)
if do_apply_function_pullbacks:
# Rewrite coefficients and arguments in terms of their
# reference cell values with Piola transforms and symmetry
# transforms injected where needed.
# Decision: Not supporting grad(dolfin.Expression) without a
# Domain. Current dolfin works if Expression has a
# cell but this should be changed to a mesh.
form = apply_function_pullbacks(form)
# Scale integrals to reference cell frames
if do_apply_integral_scaling:
form = apply_integral_scaling(form)
# Apply default restriction to fully continuous terminals
if do_apply_default_restrictions:
form = apply_default_restrictions(form)
# Lower abstractions for geometric quantities into a smaller set
# of quantities, allowing the form compiler to deal with a smaller
# set of types and treating geometric quantities like any other
# expressions w.r.t. loop-invariant code motion etc.
if do_apply_geometry_lowering:
form = apply_geometry_lowering(form, preserve_geometry_types)
# Apply differentiation again, because the algorithms above can
# generate new derivatives or rewrite expressions inside
# derivatives
if do_apply_function_pullbacks or do_apply_geometry_lowering:
form = apply_derivatives(form)
# Neverending story: apply_derivatives introduces new Jinvs,
# which needs more geometry lowering
if do_apply_geometry_lowering:
form = apply_geometry_lowering(form, preserve_geometry_types)
# Lower derivatives that may have appeared
form = apply_derivatives(form)
form = apply_coordinate_derivatives(form)
# Propagate restrictions to terminals
if do_apply_restrictions:
form = apply_restrictions(form)
# If in real mode, remove any complex nodes introduced during form processing.
if not complex_mode:
form = remove_complex_nodes(form)
# --- Group integrals into IntegralData objects
# Most of the heavy lifting is done above in group_form_integrals.
self.integral_data = build_integral_data(form.integrals())
# --- Create replacements for arguments and coefficients
# Figure out which form coefficients each integral should enable
for itg_data in self.integral_data:
itg_coeffs = set()
# Get all coefficients in integrand
for itg in itg_data.integrals:
itg_coeffs.update(extract_coefficients(itg.integrand()))
# Store with IntegralData object
itg_data.integral_coefficients = itg_coeffs
# Figure out which coefficients from the original form are
# actually used in any integral (Differentiation may reduce the
# set of coefficients w.r.t. the original form)
reduced_coefficients_set = set()
for itg_data in self.integral_data:
reduced_coefficients_set.update(itg_data.integral_coefficients)
self.reduced_coefficients = sorted(reduced_coefficients_set, key=lambda c: c.count())
self.num_coefficients = len(self.reduced_coefficients)
self.original_coefficient_positions = [
i for i, c in enumerate(self.original_form.coefficients()) if c in self.reduced_coefficients
]
# Store back into integral data which form coefficients are used
# by each integral
for itg_data in self.integral_data:
itg_data.enabled_coefficients = [
bool(coeff in itg_data.integral_coefficients) for coeff in self.reduced_coefficients
]
# --- Collect some trivial data
# Get rank of form from argument list (assuming not a mixed arity form)
self.rank = len(self.original_form.arguments())
# Extract common geometric dimension (topological is not common!)
self.geometric_dimension = self.original_form.integrals()[0].ufl_domain().geometric_dimension()
# --- Build mapping from old incomplete element objects to new
# well defined elements. This is to support the Expression
# construct in dolfin which subclasses Coefficient but doesn't
# provide an element, and the Constant construct that doesn't
# provide the domain that a Coefficient is supposed to have. A
# future design iteration in UFL/UFC/FFC/DOLFIN may allow removal
# of this mapping with the introduction of UFL types for
# Expression-like functions that can be evaluated in quadrature
# points.
self.element_replace_map = _compute_element_mapping(self.original_form)
# Mappings from elements and coefficients that reside in form to
# objects with canonical numbering as well as completed cells and
# elements
renumbered_coefficients, function_replace_map = _build_coefficient_replace_map(
self.reduced_coefficients, self.element_replace_map
)
self.function_replace_map = function_replace_map
# --- Store various lists of elements and sub elements (adds
# members to self)
_compute_form_data_elements(
self,
self.original_form.arguments(),
renumbered_coefficients,
self.original_form.ufl_domains(),
)
# --- Store number of domains for integral types
# TODO: Group this by domain first. For now keep a backwards
# compatible data structure.
self.max_subdomain_ids = _compute_max_subdomain_ids(self.integral_data)
# --- Checks
_check_elements(self)
_check_facet_geometry(self.integral_data)
# TODO: This is a very expensive check... Replace with something
# faster!
preprocessed_form = reconstruct_form_from_integral_data(self.integral_data)
# TODO: Test how fast this is
check_form_arity(preprocessed_form, self.original_form.arguments(), complex_mode)
# TODO: This member is used by unit tests, change the tests to
# remove this!
self.preprocessed_form = preprocessed_form
return self
```